Scientific Program

Conference Series Ltd invites all the participants across the globe to attend 25th World Congress on Nursing Care Melbourne, Australia.

Day 2 :

  • Nursing Care Practice

Ying Yang has studied at School of Nursing, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology at two distinct periods: 2011-2015 (study for bachelor of nursing at School of Nursing); 2015 to present (study for master of nursing at School of Nursing). She was named as “Excellent Graduate” of HUST in 2015 and got the qualification of recommended exemption graduate. Her five papers have been accepted by Chinese core journals, of which two published and three under preparation for publication. She is participating in two research projects now.


In recent years, some epidemiological surveys of risk factors for COPD have been done in China, but the relevance is shown different in these surveys. A systematic review and meta-analysis was undertaken to identify the main risk factors of COPD in Chinese mainland population.



All language, original, full-text research articles published between January 1 1989 and September 31, 2016 were searched through electronic databases, including The Cochrane Library, PubMed, CNKI, CBM, WanFang Data and so on. Case-control studies on the incidence of COPD were systematically included and analyzed using Comprehensive Meta-Analysis v2 software.


Twenty studies involving 7372 cases and 8394 controls were included in this study. Ten factors were extracted as risk factors of COPD, including smoking (OR=2.29, 95%CI: 1.94 to 2.71), occupational exposure (OR=2.07, 95%CI: 1.30 to 3.27), family history of respiratory system disease (OR=1.96, 95%CI: 1.61 to 2.38), coal or biomass burning (OR=2.19, 95%CI: 1.56 to 3.08), low BMI (OR=3.28, 95%CI: 2.74 to 3.92), gender (male) (OR=1.42, 95%CI: 1.06 to 1.88), low education degree (OR=1.29, 95%CI: 1.03 to 1.61), passive smoking (OR=1.76, 95%CI: 1.23 to 2.53), allergy history (OR=2.19, 95%CI: 1.16 to 4.13) and chronic occupational exposure respiratory disease during childhood (OR=2.47, 95%CI: 1.43 to 4.27).